20 Jun 7 KEY ELEMENTS OF INTERIOR DESIGN
7 key elements are the basis of any interior design project. These are: space, line, form, light, color, texture and pattern. An interior designer will find the ideal balance between these 7 elements for a successful project.
Element 1: Space
Knowing the overall dimension and the placement of doors and windows is essential to a perfect design. Space that is filled with furniture is known as positive space, while empty space is known as negative space. A proper balance between the two is vital for a room to be correctly set up.
Element 2: Line
Lines bring structure, creativity and a sense of direction. There are 3 types of lines in any interior: horizontal, vertical and dynamic. Horizontal lines – of tables, chairs or other similar pieces of furniture – give a sense of stability and can make a room appear wider. Vertical lines – from doors, windows, tall bookcases or fireplaces – give a sense of freedom and can make a room appear taller. While dynamic lines – diagonals, zigzags or curves – attract the eye and give energy to the space.
Element 3: Form
It refers to the shape of the room in general, but also to the elements included in the interior design. There can be geometric shapes, with precise lines and angles – for example: furniture, and natural shapes – either organic, such as plants, or shapes with curved lines, for decoration. Natural shapes inspire sensitivity, while geometric shapes add strength to the whole design.
Element 4: Light
Light creates the atmosphere of the space. The vast majority of interiors use both natural and artificial lighting. Light can be amplified in certain areas by using mirrors or by adding additional special lighting fixtures to highlight art objects, for the office, work or reading space, while also contributing to the look of the room.
Element 5: Color
Color brings life to a room and can be used as a complementary or contrasting element. The colors used create a certain mood in a room and can give the feeling of a larger, airier, more comfortable space. The color palette should consider the use of the space, such as choosing more restful shades for the bedroom, for example, or energetic shades for the home office.
Element 6: Texture
Texture, mixing and contrasting the textures, adds depth and interest. Texture differentiates itself based on how it feels, but also how it looks. Every part of a design project, from furniture and flooring to fabrics and decorative accessories, contributes to the selection of textures in a room.
Element 7: Pattern
Pattern is another element that adds interest and life to a room, just like texture, and can be highlighted by a rug, wallpaper, piece of furniture or artwork. The style of the pattern, whether it is floral, geometric, abstract or any other design, should be in harmony with the overall style of the interior design project.
The basic principle of any design project, from the perspective of the 7 key elements, is: balance. Call our team with confidence to find the right style for your home and enhance it, in compliance with your personality and individual needs!